Military logistics is a science that helps to plan and implement various activities of the military force. Every activity is planned accurately by the professionals for a successful operation. Coordinated movement for a single target can be achieved through the art of military logistics.
Military logistics cover material, personnel, services, and facilities of a military operation. Innovation of materials that are effective for defensive purposes is the first process in material designing. These materials are developed, tested and approved by a panel of professionals. The materials already used in the field and innovated materials are stored for use at another right time. Materials are distributed, maintained, evacuated, and categorized to the needed site. All these are perfectly planned and carried out in sequence by utilizing the techniques of military logistics.
Mass departure, movement, and hospitalization of wounded personnel are carefully planned to make a successful military operation. Supply of cloth, food, water, shelter, medical aids, and transportation are planned and executed with the art of military logistics. Arrangements for storage, maintenance, and deployment of facilities at the right time and the right quantity are essential in the warfront. The science of military logistics is also used for the arrangement of facilities such as weapons, protective equipments, communication mechanisms, construction materials, and spare parts. Services to the scientists and engineers at military research centres are also planned and executed accurately by military logistics. Another highly important part in military logistics is to keep all military activities secret for security reasons.
There are no hard written formulas or tables to set the plans for providing supplies or services at the right location at the right time but experienced officials are able to analyse matters in detail and accurate judgments are made. Military logistics along with strategy, tactics, training, and finance are also needed to make a decision according to need of the situation. Various techniques used in military logistics during World War II are now used to evaluate complex commercial systems. In military logistics, technical and functional activities are focused and harmonized to support the military forces for maximum continued battle efficiency.