The military has a requirement that comes as a fairly basic need for the military to identify the possible military threats, sometimes expressed as danger of military action, a military challenge, or a military risk, a concept in military intelligence that identifies an imminent capability for use of military force in resolving diplomatic or economic disputes, it may be called upon to face.
For the purpose stated above, some of the command and other military, and often civilian personnel participate in the identification of these threats, which is at once an organization, a system and a process collectively called military intelligence (MI), a military discipline that exploits a number of information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to commanders in support of their decisions.
The difficulty in using military intelligence concepts and military intelligence methods is in the nature of the secrecy of the information they seek--”information security” means protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, perusal, inspection, recording or destruction--and the clandestine nature that intelligence work in obtaining what be plans for; an intelligence or military operation carried out in such a way that the operation goes unnoticed. This could be for conflict escalation, or the escalation of a conflict to a more destructive, confrontational, painful, or otherwise “less comfortable” level, which in particular, is concerned with how persons or forces can be controlled or subdued in conflict; initiation of combat, or “phase in combat,” usually a period within a military organization of a longer duration that is a part of a serial chain of logically connected activities planned to culminate in a defined objective or goal; or an invasion (sometimes interchangeable with “Conquest”), a military offensive consisting of all, or large parts of the armed forces of one geopolitical entity aggressively entering territory controlled by another such entity, generally with the objective of either conquering, liberating or re-establishing control or authority over a territory, forcing the partition of a country, altering the established government or gaining concessions from said government, or a combination thereof.
An important part of the military intelligence role is the military analysts performed to assess military capability, defined by the Australian Defence Force as “the ability to achieve a desired effect in a specific operating environment,” of potential future aggressors, and provide combat modelling that helps to understand factors on which comparison of forces can be made.
Although some groups engaged in combat, such as militants or resistance movements, a group or collection of individual groups, dedicated to opposing an invader in an occupied country or the government of a sovereign state, refer to themselves using military terminology, notably “Army” or “Front,” none have had the structure of a national military to justify the reference, and usually have had to rely on support of outside national militaries. They also use these terms to conceal from the MI their true capabilities, and to impress potential ideological recruits.
Having military intelligence representatives participate in the execution of the national defence policy is important because it becomes the first respondent and commentator on the policy expected strategic military goal, used in strategic planning to define desired end-state of a war or a campaign, compared to the realities of identified threats; “intelligence assessment is the development of forecasts of behaviour or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organization, based in a wider range of available information sources both overt and covert. When the intelligence reporting is compared to the policy, it becomes possible for the national leadership to think about allocating resources over an above the officers and their subordinates military pay and the expense of maintaining military facilities and military support services for them.